Visual Impairments Affect Preschoolers

17 Mayıs 2022

One in every 20 preschoolers experiences visual disorders, compared to one in four school-age children.

Beginning three to four months after birth, the sense of sight develops fully between the ages of seven and ten. Some eye diseases may go unnoticed and result in permanent vision damage in later life because people, especially young children, find it difficult to articulate their complaints.

It is advised that parents keep an eye out for certain symptoms and take their kids to get their eyes checked.

If we were to discuss the symptoms;

When looking directly at someone, are the eyes parallel, or does one eye look straight while the other flutters in or out, down, or up? The family should start questioning their eyes if they notice things like turning their heads while watching TV or reading, rubbing their eyes with a blink, squinting, skipping lines, looking closely, headaches, or a lot of tripping and falling.

The causes of these symptoms could be hereditary corneal and retinal diseases, congenital or developmental cataracts, or vision defects like myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism (which include conditions that necessitate the use of glasses, lazy eye, strabismus, and conditions requiring the use of contact lenses).

The symptoms we listed above might not always be present in these diseases that we mentioned. Some hereditary retinal diseases, such as hidden strabismus, lazy eyes, developmental cataracts, keratoconus, and corneal degenerative diseases, may not present any early warning signs to the family. These diseases, which are not visible and can only be identified through a thorough eye exam, can be treated without resulting in long-term harm.

We wish you a healthy day.

Op. Dr. Melek Kırcalı



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