What is Hyperopia? How Is It Treated?

17 Mayıs 2022

Images are focused behind the visual center because the eye's anterior posterior length is shorter than the population average. Hyperopia is the name for this kind of eye condition. It is normal for newborns to have hyperopia. As people age, their eyes will grow longer, so as they get older, the degree of hyperopia is seen to decrease. Although the condition known as hyperopia is more commonly referred to as "nearsightedness," those who have it have trouble seeing both up close and far away. The blurring of vision increases when hyperopia and presbyopia combine, especially at the age of 40 when the weakening of near vision capacity (presbyopia) starts.

People with hyperopia, also known as people with + (plus) numbers, experience headaches and eye and head pain after spending extended periods of time reading and staring at a screen. The fact that these individuals can see clearly without the aid of glasses does not imply that they are free from eye defects. People who complain of eye pain and fatigue may find relief from their symptoms by wearing glasses, which is why they are sometimes referred to as "relaxing glasses" by the general public. As is clear from this, wearing glasses is an adjunctive method for resolving hyperopia sufferers' complaints; it has no therapeutic or population-reducing effects.

Contact lenses, refractive surgery (LASIK or PRK/no touch laser), and clear lens replacement surgery are alternatives to glasses for people with hyperopia. The first of these, contact lenses, are thought to be a more comfortable alternative to glasses if hygiene and usage guidelines are followed. There are multifocal (far-near) contact lenses and contact lenses that only treat conditions of the distant eye. For people over 40 who need both near and farsighted glasses, multifocal contact lenses provide comfortable vision.

In addition to using glasses or contact lenses, surgical procedures can also be used to treat eye conditions in hypermetropic individuals. Refractive surgery is the first thing that pops into your head. In patients with hyperopia, "number reset" is not a precise target definition when using this surgical technique. The main objective is to give someone the ability to see primarily without glasses in all facets of their life. Laser surgery is an option if the eye structures satisfy the requirements for eligibility for refractive surgery.

With intraocular surgical techniques, the hyperopia eye disorder can be treated. The first of these techniques is phakic intraocular lenses, or intraocular lens placement surgery. It is a useful alternative for people in the pre-presbyopia age range who have high hyperopia, no signs of near vision impairment, and who cannot or do not want to use glasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. The individual's natural lens is kept in place, and with the addition of this second lens, distance vision without the use of glasses is made possible. Surgery to replace clear lenses is the second technique. People who are presbyopic, haven't developed cataracts yet, and are otherwise candidates for this surgery can have it done. Surgery to remove a person's natural lens and replace it with a trifocal intraocular lens is known as clear lens replacement. This procedure needs to be carefully examined and thoroughly evaluated because it cannot be applied to all ages and types of eyes. When used on patients who meet the eligibility requirements, it can be guaranteed that they can see up close, in the middle, and far away without glasses.

Op.Dr. Deniz Marangoz

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