What is droopy eyelid?

17 Mayıs 2022

Ptosis, or droopy eyelid, is the medical term for the condition where the eyelid lowers to cover the pupil.

Droopy eyelid: what is it? Ptosis, or droopy eyelid, is the medical term for the condition where the eyelid lowers to cover the pupil. Ptosis disease can affect one or both eyes, can occur at any age, and has a variety of causes. Low eyelids can be present at birth in newborns, and senile miscarriage can occur as people age. It can result from a variety of nerve or muscle diseases, medications, tumors, accidents, or other factors. For instance, it can be caused by years of friction weakening the person's muscle, even after wearing contact lenses for a long time. Everybody can experience eyelid drooping to varying degrees. Some patients may experience very mild manifestations, while others may experience severe manifestations that completely enclose the eye. Surgery is unquestionably advised in severe cases, that is, when the pupil is severely covered to the point that it impairs vision, especially in infancy and childhood. Because lazy eye, which is challenging to treat because the visual development is not complete, may develop if the pupil remains covered during the developmental period. It's crucial to work with children early on in order to clear the way for them to learn, especially with babies.

A person's aesthetic appearance and psychological state need to be assessed in mild cases, that is, cases where it does not cover the pupil. Due to that eye appearing smaller by the environment, a sense of inadequacy, introversion, and lack of self-confidence develop, especially in childhood. In other words, treatment is crucial early on because it will harm not only visual but also psychological development.

What is the remedy for a droopy eyelid?

A common recommendation for the treatment of droopy eyelids is surgery. Depending on how well the muscle that moves the valve is doing, different surgical techniques are employed. For patients with weak muscle strength, assistance is sought from the closest muscle, the forehead muscle, whereas muscle strengthening surgery is preferred for those with good muscle strength. Children undergo general anesthesia, while adults undergo local anesthesia. In the first week following surgery, swelling and bruising on the lid are typical. The stitches are removed a week after the procedure, and the patient resumes his regular activities.

Although early intervention is crucial, conditions that impair vision in later life should be treated using techniques that your doctor deems appropriate for you.

 Op.Dr. Sevgi Abadan Özpolat

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